This is going to be a bad year for leaf spot diseases on landscape trees and shrubs. The leaf spotting that affects pear trees, including both edible pears and ornamental ‘Bradford’ types, is caused by a fungal disease known as Entomosporium leaf spot. This disease also affects related shrubs such as Indian Hawthorn and Red Tip Photinia. Looks like tiny sporesThe name of this disease comes from the fact that the spores look like tiny insects under a microscope. Entomo-sporium literally means insect-like spores. Leaf spot symptoms may vary with host plants. Initially leaf spots are small purplish, circular spots. The spots are sunken and have a white to grayish center and a raised dark purple to black border as the spot ages. Within the center of each spot the fungus produces a raised black, pimple-like fruiting structure. Some leaf spots, such as those on Bradford pear, may be small, circular and have a black, oily appearance. Each leaf spot is capable of producing hundreds of spores. Extensive defoliation will occur if the leaf spots are numerous.Pear trees that are otherwise healthy can tolerate a significant amount of leaf spotting and premature leaf drop. But, shrubs such as Indian Hawthorn and Red Tip Photinia can become severely infected, drop most of their leaves, and potentially die. Loves poor air circulation and wetnessInfection is favored by poor air circulation and prolonged periods of leaf wetness — like we saw this spring. Depending on the weather, some years are worse than others for leaf spot disease. By mid-May, Northwest Georgia had already received from 5 to 10 inches of surplus rain this year-to-date compared to the average. Plants that have very dense branches and a tight leaf canopy take longer to dry out when wet. Selective pruning can open up the canopy to more sunlight, increase air circulation throughout the plant and reduce disease incidence. Increased plant spacing, especially with hawthorns and red tips, can also help with air circulation and leaf drying. Avoid wetting leaves unnecessarily with overhead or sprinkler irrigation systems. If supplemental watering is needed, direct water towards the roots rather than the leaves and water early in the morning so that the foliage can dry out more quickly. Spray in spring and fallSeverely infected leaves that have fallen on the ground should be removed from the area and destroyed. Infection occurs primarily in the milder weather of the spring and the fall. Fungicides are most effective during this time. However, once the leaves are showing disease spots, the damage is already done and fungicides provide little benefit to plants. The key to managing Entomosporium is to spray as soon as you begin to see leaf spots on new leaf growth in early spring and prevent spread of the disease before it becomes more severe. Protective fungicide applications can be applied when leaves emerge in early spring and continue at 10 to 14 day intervals throughout the growing season. Fungicides that contain chlorothalonil or propiconazole are effective on Entomosporium leaf spot and many other leaf spot diseases. Be sure to read and follow the application rates and safety precautions listed on the label. Certain varieties of trees and shrubs are more susceptible than others. Do your homework before planting pears and hawthorns in the landscape to select the most disease-resistant variety. Resistant varieties aren’t totally immune to these leaf spot diseases, but they won’t require as much work to keep them looking decent. Unfortunately, if you like Red Tip Photinias, there really aren’t any good varieties on the market. For the most part, nurseries and landscapers have discontinued using Fraser Photinia (Red Tip) because of this leaf spot disease.
A diver made a gruesome discovery off the coast of Dania Beach.The Broward Sheriff’s Office says a diver found the partial remains of a body in the ocean about a mile from Dania Beach on yesterday afternoon.BSO deputies took the body to a nearby Coast Guard station after fishermen brought it ashore.Homicide crime scene investigators are trying to identify the victim and the the cause of death.This story is developing.
The (Cultural Revival Amongst Interested Communities (CRAIC) 2019/20 committee have arranged a fantastic program of music, song and dance events this year in the Lifford and Strabane areas.The following is community notes: October has been a busy month for the group when we held a fundraising session for Donegal Hospice in McBrides, Castlefinn on Saturday 12th October.CRAIC would like to thank all the sponsors who help us provide amazing raffle prizes, and all the businesses who prepared refreshments and supported the event. We had a large turnout of musicians from Plumbridge, Killea, Strabane, Dungiven, Doneyloop to name a few. After a hugely successful we raised a total of €1025. Great work everyone!Our next main October event was our annual Johnny Crampsie Weekend which was held this year on Saturday 26th October in the Stables Inn, Strabane.Taking a different format this year CRAIC held a session comprising of some of the best local talent from Strabane & Lifford areas. The event was well attended & CRAIC were delighted with our special guests for the event, the multi-talented, John & Sheila McElhinney from the Haw.A huge thanks to them for adding such a variety to the session including Irish Traditional, American, Country & Swing.This was a very fitting act to remember the late virtuoso Johnny Crampsie. Thanks to the Stables for taking the Events, to those who helped with refreshments & to everyone who supported us once again this year.CRAIC November event ‘TRAD FOR TROCAIRE’ will take place on Sunday 17th November 5-8pm in MKs Bar, Derry Road Strabane. All Welcome.Over €1000 raised for Donegal Hospice by Lifford community group CRIAC – Pic Special was last modified: November 3rd, 2019 by Shaun KeenanShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
Klay Thompson looks like he’s having a great vacation with his girlfriend, actor Laura Harrier.First stop on the European trip was a visit to France, which made the romance official. The waters of Marseille’s Anse De Maldormé, the Eiffel Tower, standing on cliffs and posing before presumably jumping (or not jumping to protect the recently repaired ACL).
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue took time to sit down with Ohio Ag Net’s Ty Higgins as he visited the National Association of Farm Broadcasting annual convention in Kansas City. A number of topics were covered by the two in this interesting time for agriculture. More in this video below.
The Supreme Court will on Monday examine the Delhi Police’s affidavit on the pre-dawn swoop at Ramlila Maidan in Delhi denying allegations that it had used force to evict yoga guru Ramdev and his supporters from the site.A bench of justices P Sathasivam and A K Patnaik is also likely to take up a petition filed by advocate Ashok Agarwal seeking direction to the City Police Commissioner to deposit the 42 CCTV cameras allegedly seized from the site after the swoop.However, in an affidavit filed before the court, the city police claimed that no force was used against the protesters but only eight teargas shells were fired on Ramdev’s supporters after they turned violent and started pelting stones on the cops.Justifying its action, police said the authorities had allowed permission to Ramdev to use the ground only to hold yoga camp and not for any other purpose.It said that instead of holding yoga camp, Ramdev was instigating the crowd during his fast on the issue of corruption and black money at the ground where more than 20,000 people had gathered.Delhi Police had filed the response following a direction of the apex court which took suo motu cognisance of the crackdown and had directed it to explain why it resorted to such action against Ramdev and his supporters.However, advocate Agarwal alleged that after the swoop police forcibly took away the hard disk and 42 CCTV cameras from the residence of Vipin Mittal from Savitri Colony at Malviya Nagar, who is the owner of ‘Sai’ Company dealing with CCTV cameras.advertisementHe claimed the cameras were seized by police to destroy vital evidence relating to the alleged brutal crackdown.Agarwal also sought an inquiry by a Special Investigation Team and adequate compensation to 51-year-old woman Raj Bala who was critically injured in the alleged police lathicharge.- With PTI inputsFor more news on India, click here.For more news on Business, click here.For more news on Movies, click here.For more news on Sports, click here.
zoom The UK’s attention is switching to the future role of its ports, harbours and seafarers, which is expected to gain importance as the nation launches Brexit talks.The focus is turning to a rise in world trade, which is likely to increase the 95% of imports and exports that currently pass through UK’s sea ports. This is coupled with the continued growth of merchant ships, in terms of size, and the UK’s dependence on imported oil, gas and biofuel.Additionally, the nation’s passenger numbers on cruise ships and ferries look set to continue to grow, albeit with industry concerns voiced about the need to retain agreeable border control relationships with UK’s European neighbours.“As so often in our history when facing political and international pressures, our relationship with the sea provides the strong and enduring stage from which our island and its people can make their mark, whether in trade, defence or diplomacy,” Commodore Barry Bryant, Director General of Seafarers UK, said.“Our unique situation and the quality of our maritime offerings in seafaring people, port and supply chain operations and financial services remains second to none and give us a strong negotiating hand,” Bryant added.Commenting on UK’s future customs and trading arrangements, Mark Simmonds, the British Ports Association’s Policy Manager, said that the new customs arrangements should prioritise trade facilitation and look to replicate the benefits of the EU Customs Union.UK ports support 344,000 jobs ashore, handling almost 500 million tonnes of freight and more than 60 million passengers every year, according to Maritime London.
By Jorge BarreraAPTN National NewsThe Assembly of First Nations is trying to organize a meeting between Prime Minister Stephen Harper and First Nations leaders in the New Year which is one of the demands of Attawapiskat Chief Theresa Spence who is now into day four of a hunger strike, APTN National News has learned.Harper’s office has not commented publicly on Spence’s hunger strike and on Friday morning the PMO sent an email to APTN National News deferring the issue to Aboriginal Affairs Minister John Duncan’s office.A spokesperson for the PMO denied there were negotiations. APTN National News, however, learned there have been “back and forth” discussions between the AFN and the PMO to set up the encounter.The AFN is seeking to have Harper meet with regional and tribal council chiefs from across the country. Aside from a meeting between a handful of chiefs and Harper in his Langevin Block office and informal chats during a day of speeches, there was no direct discussions between the prime minister and First Nations leaders during last January’s Crown-First Nations gathering.Spence, who is living in a teepee on Victoria Island in the shadow of Parliament Hill during her hunger strike, said it’s not enough to just have Harper at the meeting. She wants Queen Elizabeth II either directly involved in the meeting or through her representative in Canada, Governor General David Johnston.Spence said she was disappointed that AFN National Chief Shawn Atleo wasn’t pushing for the Crown’s involvement.“I am very disappointed. At the beginning I asked the national chief to write the Crown,” said Spence, in a telephone interview. “It is very discouraging that they are taking a shortcut. I am not happy about it…All parties need to meet together, not separate.”Spence said the treaties were signed by the Crown and it’s up to the Crown to ensure they’re upheld.“The Crown has been covering their eyes on these violations of the treaties,” said Spence. “Johnston needs to tell the prime minister that he has to work with the treaty and the leaders as partners and not go separate ways. The Crown made a promise to First Nations that if anyone violated the treaties they would be punished.”Spence said she doesn’t feel that the AFN is fully supporting her fight.In an interview inside her teepee on Victoria Island, Spence said she faced pressure to end her hunger strike from officials at the AFN and that NDP MP Charlie Angus, whose riding includes Attawapiskat, has asked her to consider moving into a hotel.“They’ve tried to get me to reconsider,” said Spence. “I’m staying here I feel close to my ancestors. It reminds me of how it was before.”Behind the scenes, frustration has been bubbling among her supporters. They say that while the AFN appears on the surface to be supportive, providing the organization’s event teepee for Spence, paying for hotel stays for Spence’s supporters, buying wood for the fire and coordinating daily press conferences this week to trumpet her cause, behind the scenes they claim officials are trying to dissuade the chief from continuing the hunger strike.Two of her supporters described an exchange during a meeting at the AFN offices Thursday morning saying one Spence backer told a senior AFN aide: “That’s the colonial way; it’s not the way we do things.”They said the official responded saying: “It’s not colonialism; we are concerned about (Spence’s) health.”APTN National News confirmed the exchange.The backroom drama has also pulled in Manitoba’s regional Chief Bill Traverse who fired off a text message Thursday to Peter Dinsdale, the AFN’s chief operating officer, telling him to stop intervening and await direction from the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs (AMC)/Exec.“We are advised u r intervening with Chief Therese Spence’s…hunger strike,” said the text. “Plse cease+desist, further direction will come frm AMC/”Dinsdale responded in an email flatly denying he was intervening.“Chief Spence and her supporters came to the AFN and asked for our assistance and support,” wrote Dinsdale. “The AFN is fully supporting her efforts by providing wood, our teepee, supplies, hotel stays for people helping Theresa and ensuring she has full access to health care services.”In an interview with APTN National News, Dinsdale said the AFN has never tried to dissuade Spence from continuing her hunger strike, but there is a lot of concern around her health.“We are trying to be supportive,” he said. “In our first meeting with her, we expressed concern about the hunger strike and we expressed concern about the viability of a meeting with the Queen.”Dinsdale said Spence was also presented with the option of conducting the hunger strike in a hotel room or a house.“We also suggested, given the temperature and given her health that it makes sense for her to be in a hotel or a house,” he said. “We absolutely did offer her that in no way was it done to dissuade her.”[email protected]