Michael Ruse Balances the Scales in Creation-Evolution Conflict

first_imgSahotra Sarkar seems in a bit of dilemma about how to treat Michael Ruse’s new book, The Evolution-Creation Struggle (Harvard, 2005).  In his review of the book in Science,1 Sarkar knew that Ruse is an important ally in the fight against intelligent design (see 02/18/2003 entry), but he seemed a little bit put off by Ruse’s distinction between evolution and evolutionism.  Ruse is brazen in his claim that most evolutionists have made a religion out of the theory.  Sarkar begins,In this timely book, Michael Ruse interprets the last 200 years of conflict between biology and religion as a struggle between evolutionism and creationism.  Evolutionism is not merely an endorsement of the scientific theory of evolution.  It consists of “the whole metaphysical or ideological picture built around or on evolution,” including a belief in progress and attempts to reduce cultural and ethical values to evolutionary biology.  As such, it constitutes a “secular religion.”  Thus, for Ruse (a philosopher of science at Florida State University), the debate over creationism is more a conflict between two religions than one between religion and science.   (Emphasis added in all quotes.)Since such a position seems to discredit the natural scientists’ endeavors to investigate the evolutionary roots of ethics and behavior, including altruism and sexual mores, Sarkar appears to take issue with this claim, but only with kid gloves.  Most of his review is a dispassionate discussion of the contents of the book with only minor criticisms about omissions or misplaced emphases.  For instance, look how he describes Ruse’s depiction of evolutionary theory in the 19th and early 20th century as more religious rhetoric than sound science:The Enlightenment offered a vision of progress based on human effort.  The emerging pre-Darwinian views of evolution (such as those of Erasmus Darwin, Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck, and Robert Chambers), although hardly professional science, co-opted this vision in their accounts of organic change.    Charles Darwin, in contrast, attempted to convert evolution into science by elaborating a material mechanism for it—natural selection.  Darwin was at best ambivalent about the ideology of progress.  (Alfred Russell Wallace was more convinced of its reality—strangely, he receives scant attention in Ruse’s story.)  Moreover, natural selection acting on blind variation was antithetical to the idea of progress with its implied directionality.  In spite of Darwin’s efforts, Ruse argues, evolution did not become established as a professional science in the 19th century or even during the first two decades of the 20th.  Instead, it remained popular science.  Given the generally accepted ideology of progress, natural selection was often abandoned in favor of directional mechanisms of organic change. According to Ruse, during this period, almost all of those who endorsed evolution also endorsed evolutionism.  The social Darwinism of the late 19th century only exemplifies the worst excesses of such an evolutionism.Nothing but objective reporting so far.  But then, Sarkar gets a little riled when Ruse depicts the cult of progress continuing unabated through the formation of neo-Darwinian theory in the 1930s and beyond:On Ruse’s account, evolution became a professional science following the modern synthesis of the late 1920s and 1930s.  Ruse argues, though not very convincingly, that the architects of the synthesis continued to uphold an ideology of progress and endorse evolutionism.  He ignores the fact that, with the exception of R. A. Fisher, these architects largely rejected attempts to deploy evolution in the political arena.   (Some, such as J. B. S. Haldane, whom Ruse ignores, often explicitly rejected progress.)  Ruse’s sketch of contemporary evolutionary theory is also idiosyncratic,  with sociobiology presented as that theory’s most significant achievement.  Because the sociobiologists W. D. Hamilton and Edward O. Wilson are the heroes of this story, Ruse claims that contemporary evolutionary biology endorses evolutionism and not merely evolution.That seems too much to take.  Yet Sarkar is careful not to alienate his ally.  While finding something to praise, he gently scolds Ruse for providing only “an unfortunate whimper” instead of a triumphant charge to inspire the pro-evolution scientists in their battles against creationists:The final chapters of The Evolution-Creation Struggle turn all too briefly to the contemporary debates over creationism.  Ruse offers a short and cogent critique of intelligent design that concentrates on its failure to spawn any serious scientific research.2  But the book ends with an unfortunate whimper: we are told that we should try to understand the other side; we are not told how Ruse’s understanding of that side will help us prevent the reintroduction of religion in our science classes.1Sahotra Sarkar, “Evolution and Religion: Seeing Similarities,” Science, Vol 309, Issue 5734, 560 , 22 July 2005, [DOI: 10.1126/science.1115782].  For another review, see the 05/06/2005 entry.2For contrary evidence, see the 06/25/2005 entry.Wow: this is quite telling.  Michael Ruse seems to be evolving toward rapprochement with I.D. with each new book.  Although he has been adamant against the cult of progress for quite awhile (see 06/12/2003 commentary), he is making even more startling claims now: (1) most historical evolutionists were more religious than scientific in their embrace of the cult of progress; (2) evolutionism is just as religious as Christianity, (3) the religion of evolutionism continues to the present day, and (4) evolutionists need to understand the other side.  Point (1) is clear to any halfway objective historian of science and should not be all that controversial.  But points 2, 3, and 4, though flimsy concessions from a creationist view, are almost fighting words to an evolutionist.    To maintain their hegemony, the Darwin Party needs its supporters to be devoted to the doctrine that their position is based on science, not religion.  They need to keep the onus of religion on the other side where it can be swept aside as faith-based, irrational, dogmatic and irrelevant.  It must sting like acid for them to hear a Party member claim their views are just as religious as that of their opponents, and that we should try to “understand” the other side instead of fighting them with the full arsenal of Big Science.    Based on this review, this new book by Ruse must be highly disappointing to those who have lived with the religion-vs-science paradigm embedded in their heads since high school biology class.  If Ruse keeps this up, it won’t be long before the Party condemns him as a heretic and throws him overboard.  If that happens, the creationists and ID community need to be prepared to rescue him and show him what true Christian (unevolved, real) altruism is like (see 06/12/2003 commentary).  They need to provide him clean, clear designer glasses with which to see the world in a new light, a revelation that brings joy, thankfulness and meaning.    Undoubtedly the softening of Ruse’s hardline position is partly due to his historical research into the unsavory personalities and empty lives of some of Darwinism’s staunchest bulldogs (see 09/02/2004 entry) compared to the friendliness and logic of I.D. supporters with whom he has interacted, like Phillip Johnson.  Creationists need to be careful not to shoot those waving a white flag.  Some of the best allies for design-based science, like Dean Kenyon and Richard Lumsden, were once adamant evolutionists.  Give people space to see the light.  Whether they do or not, keep those Christian graces shining through.  Who knows; maybe Eugenie Scott will be next (see 05/25/2005 entry).(Visited 30 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Korea ousts Gilas Pilipinas

first_imgPhoto from Fiba.comSouth Korea slapped yet another loss to continental rival Gilas Pilipinas, 118-86, ending what had been a promising Fiba Asia Cup campaign by the Filipinos in Beirut.The Filipinos ran right smack into the deadliest shooting display by any country in the biennial showcase as the Koreans hit 16 triples and shot at a 67-percent clip to silence a huge stunned crowd of OFWs at Nouhad Nawfal Stadium in the game that ended early Thursday morning in Manila.ADVERTISEMENT Pagasa: Storm intensifies as it nears PAR Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ NATO’s aging eye in the sky to get a last overhaul MOST READ View comments Celebrity chef Gary Rhodes dies at 59 with wife by his side It was the first loss in four games for the Filipinos, who finished way short of duplicating silver medal finishes in the last two editions of the tournament by bombing out of the quarterfinals.Korea played with flawless precision all game and made the Filipinos look a shade of the team that humbled the Chinese, 96-87, last week.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSBoxers Pacquiao, Petecio torchbearers for SEA Games openingThe Koreans advanced to take on 2013 champion Iran in the Final Four after Hamed Haddadi and Co. scored an 80-70 decision of Lebanon.Terrence Romeo provided the silver lining for the Filipinos with a 22-point effort in the second quarter, where he rallied Gilas to within eight points. Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ Hotel says PH coach apologized for ‘kikiam for breakfast’ claim Robredo should’ve resigned as drug czar after lack of trust issue – Panelo NLEX, Blackwater unveil new faces in clash Trump signs bills in support of Hong Kong protesters LATEST STORIESlast_img read more

a month agoAtletico Madrid boss Simeone: Incredible Ronaldo an animal

first_imgAbout the authorCarlos VolcanoShare the loveHave your say Atletico Madrid boss Simeone: Incredible Ronaldo an animalby Carlos Volcanoa month agoSend to a friendShare the loveAtletico Madrid boss Diego Simeone admits it’s difficult to prepare to face Cristiano Ronaldo.Ronaldo and Juventus are in Madrid for Wednesday’s Champions League opener.Simeone said, “It’s difficult to prepare something against a player, he’s an animal in front of goal.”He has an incredible record and in any situation near the box, he’s dangerous. He’s not easy to control, he has it all.”We suffer and sometimes it’s our turn to win, and other times we lose, but he’s an animal in front of goal.”Cristiano will travel to the Estadio Wanda Metropolitano for a second time and Simeone clearly feels that the stadium could influence the game.”In order to play a complete game, you have to go out there with hope, although sometimes the other way around when we are doing badly,” he said when asked about the atmosphere. last_img read more

Witness to Humboldt Broncos crash arranges honour song for team

first_imgPriscilla WolfAPTN NewsKelsey Fiddler still remembers the crash a year ago that took the lives of 16 members of the Humboldt Broncos.“We were coming from Melfort that day and I saw the traffic and a Charlies charter coming from Tisdale but I didn’t pay too much attention,” Fiddler told APTN News. “I stopped at the corner there I was waiting for traffic to pass – all of a sudden I see a semi coming towards us.“It just happened so fast.”Fiddler is a member of the Red Earth First Nation Saskatchewan.She was a key witness to the crash.She was pregnant at the time.Her daughter Logan who is now 10 months old.She was named after one of the players killed in the crash – Logan Boulet.She wanted to name her girl after Boulet because he signed an organ donor card – and because because of him, the lives of six people were saved.“I thought it be a good idea to name her after a hockey player who donated 6 organs ya we wanted to give that honour to him,” she said.Fiddler contacted his parents to ask for permission to name her daughter after their son.Fiddler wanted to mark the one year anniversary of the crash with some of her own culture at the oasis community centre  in Nipawin.She arranged for an honour song to be held so that everyone involved could heal from the tragedy, herself included.“For everyone to heal and to show our support to the Bronco families and the community of Humboldt and to show that we all care and that we are here for them and that we continue to pray for them,” she said.She asked Bradley Ironstar to sing an honour song.“This is our way the creator gave us all different cultures and traditions,” said Ironstar. “This is just our way of healing and overcoming and be able to be happy and deal with any issues or problems. ”It took at least a month for Fiddler and her family to return to the intersection where the crash took place.Not an easy place to avoid since they live [email protected]@priscillawolfnewslast_img read more

Deshaun Thomas named Sporting News 1stteam AllAmerican

Ohio State basketball’s forward Deshaun Thomas has another 2012 preseason honor on his resume. The junior was named a preseason first-team All-American selection by The Sporting News Monday. Thomas joins the likes of Creighton junior forward Doug McDermott, Indiana sophomore forward Cody Zeller, North Carolina sophomore forward James Michael McAdoo, and Lehigh senior guard C.J. McCollum on the Sporting News’ first team. It’s Thomas’ second preseason first-team honor this year as he was named to the Blue Ribbon College Basketball Yearbook’s All-American team on Aug. 29. Thomas, a native of Fort Wayne, Ind., is one of three returning starters from a Buckeyes’ squad that went 31-8 during the 2011-12 season that ended in New Orleans at the Final Four. En route to a national semifinal loss to Kansas, Thomas amassed 96 amassed points in the Buckeyes’ five games in the NCAA tournament. Over the course of 39 games, Thomas averaged 15.9 points per game and 5.4 rebounds for OSU. After former Buckeyes’ big man Jared Sullinger declared for the 2012 NBA Draft and former guard William Buford graduated, Thomas elected to come back to Columbus for a third year. “We have a great team returning next season and I want to be a part of another championship run,” Thomas said in a released statement in April. “My family, my coaches and I looked at my future as a professional, but I love being a Buckeye and want to continue my education and development as a player and as a person at Ohio State.” Thomas and the Buckeyes are scheduled to open their 2012-13 campaign with an exhibition game against Walsh on Oct. 30 at 7 p.m. at the Schottenstein Center. read more

Football Urban Meyers contract extension through 2022 season approved by Board of

Loading Loading for “” Next » Ohio State head football coach Urban Meyer’s two-year contract extension. Loading Loading Toggle Description UrbanMeyerExtension2018 Contents Previous Loading Loading Zoom p. 1 Original Document (PDF) » Page Note  1 of  10 0 To print the document, click the “Original Document” link to open the original PDF. At this time it is not possible to print the document with annotations. UrbanMeyerExtension2018 Related Article » Ohio State coach Urban Meyer observes the field at Memorial Stadium prior to the Buckeyes’ season-opening 49-21 win over Indiana on Aug. 31 in Bloomington, Indiana. Credit: Colin Hass-Hill | Sports EditorOhio State took the next step in ensuring Urban Meyer will be heading the university’s football program for at least the next five seasons Thursday morning. The Board of Trustees Talent and Compensation Committee approved the addition of two years to Meyer’s contract, extending it through the 2022 season. The full Board will vote to approve the contract on Friday.Ohio State also announced Meyer will receive a $1.2 million raise along with the extension. He will make $7.6 million next year, which makes him the highest-paid coach in the Big Ten and the third-highest paid coach in the nation. Meyer had three seasons remaining on his contract. Meyer’s contract, which the committee approved, will now end on Jan. 31, 2023. “I want to thank President Michael V. Drake for his guidance and the Board of Trustees for its work in considering this extension,” Ohio State Athletics Director Gene Smith said. “I think everyone will agree that we have one of the finest coaches and mentors in Urban Meyer leading our football program.”At a Feb. 7 press conference, Smith and Meyer announced the head coach would receive the extension. Smith said it typical for coaches to earn extensions if their contract has three or fewer years remaining in order to show recruits the coach will be with the program through their senior years. Meyer had a base salary of $6.4 million last season. According to the USA Today head coach salary database, Meyer had the fourth-highest base salary of all head coaches in the NCAA last season. Michigan head coach Jim Harbaugh has the third-highest base salary last season, earning $7 million. In a Board of Trustees Talent and Compensation Committee meeting in February, Smith called Texas A&M head coach Jimbo Fisher’s 10-year, $75 million contract “ridiculous.” He said he does not factor that deal and Alabama’s contract for head coach Nick Saban, which included a $11.1 million base salary last season, into contract discussions. One of the most successful coaches in college football history, Meyer has a career 177-31 record, including a 73-8 record in his six seasons at the helm of Ohio State. The Buckeyes won a national championship to conclude the 2014 season, his third season as their head coach, and they have not lost more than two games in any season since he was hired prior to the 2012 season. Last year, Ohio State went 12-2 and capped off its campaign with a Cotton Bowl victory against USC. The Buckeyes nearly made the College Football Playoff for the second time in Meyer’s tenure, but fell just short when the playoff committee ranked them fifth. Meyer’s full extension can be viewed below. p. 2 Contributed by: Kevin Stankiewicz, The Lantern « p. 3 CLOSE Document Pages Notes Text
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