The final 23 players for the 32 squads competing in South Africa’s 2010 Fifa World Cup were announced after the deadline for confirmed teams passed on 1 June. Get the low-down on the 736 footballers who will be battling it out for the sport’s biggest trophy from 11 June to 11 July.More statistics on the 32 teams 2010 FIFA WORLD CUP: FIRST STAGE GROUPS Group A South Africa Mexico Uruguay FranceGroup B Argentina Nigeria South Korea GreeceGroup C England USA Algeria SloveniaGroup D Germany Australia Serbia GhanaGroup E Netherlands Denmark Japan CameroonGroup F Italy Paraguay New Zealand SlovakiaGroup G Brazil North Korea Côte d’Ivoire PortugalGroup H Spain Switzerland Honduras Chile GROUP HSPAIN Coach: Vicente del Bosque # Position Player Date of Birth Caps Club 1GoalkeeperIker Casillas (captain)20 May 1981 (aged 29)103Real Madrid2DefenderRaúl Albiol4 September 1985 (aged 24)22Real Madrid3DefenderGerard Piqué2 February 1987 (aged 23)15Barcelona4DefenderCarlos Marchena31 July 1979 (aged 30)57Valencia5DefenderCarles Puyol13 April 1978 (aged 32)82Barcelona6MidfielderAndrés Iniesta11 May 1984 (aged 26)41Barcelona7ForwardDavid Villa3 December 1981 (aged 28)56Valencia8MidfielderXavi25 January 1980 (aged 30)85Barcelona9ForwardFernando Torres20 March 1984 (aged 26)72Liverpool10MidfielderCesc Fàbregas4 May 1987 (aged 23)47Arsenal11DefenderJoan Capdevila3 February 1978 (aged 32)44Villarreal12GoalkeeperVíctor Valdés14 January 1982 (aged 28)0Barcelona13MidfielderJuan Manuel Mata28 April 1988 (aged 22)7Valencia14MidfielderXabi Alonso25 November 1981 (aged 28)67Real Madrid15DefenderSergio Ramos30 March 1986 (aged 24)58Real Madrid16MidfielderSergio Busquets16 July 1988 (aged 21)12Barcelona17DefenderÁlvaro Arbeloa17 January 1983 (aged 27)14Real Madrid18ForwardPedro28 July 1987 (aged 22)1Barcelona19ForwardFernando Llorente26 February 1985 (aged 25)6Athletic Bilbao20MidfielderJavi Martínez2 September 1988 (aged 21)1Athletic Bilbao21MidfielderDavid Silva8 January 1986 (aged 24)34Valencia22MidfielderJesús Navas21 November 1985 (aged 24)4Sevilla23GoalkeeperPepe Reina31 August 1982 (aged 27)19Liverpool SWITZERLAND Coach: Ottmar Hitzfeld # Position Player Date of Birth Caps Club 1GoalkeeperDiego Benaglio8 September 1983 (aged 26)25Wolfsburg2DefenderStephan Lichtsteiner16 January 1984 (aged 26)26Lazio3DefenderLudovic Magnin20 April 1979 (aged 31)61Zürich4DefenderPhilippe Senderos14 February 1985 (aged 25)38Everton5DefenderSteve von Bergen10 June 1983 (aged 27)10Hertha Berlin6MidfielderBenjamin Huggel7 July 1977 (aged 32)36Basel7MidfielderTranquillo Barnetta2 May 1985 (aged 25)50Bayer Leverkusen8MidfielderGökhan Inler27 June 1984 (aged 25)34Udinese9ForwardAlexander Frei (captain)15 July 1979 (aged 30)73Basel10ForwardBlaise Nkufo25 May 1975 (aged 35)29Twente11MidfielderValon Behrami19 April 1985 (aged 25)26West Ham United12GoalkeeperMarco Wölfli22 August 1982 (aged 27)4Young Boys13DefenderStéphane Grichting30 March 1979 (aged 31)33Auxerre14MidfielderMarco Padalino8 December 1983 (aged 26)7Sampdoria15MidfielderHakan Yakin22 February 1977 (aged 33)80Luzern16MidfielderGelson Fernandes2 September 1986 (aged 23)21Saint-Étienne17DefenderReto Ziegler16 January 1986 (aged 24)10Sampdoria18ForwardAlbert BunjakuNovember 29, 1983 (age 26)1Nuremberg19ForwardEren Derdiyok12 June 1988 (aged 21)19Bayer Leverkusen20MidfielderPirmin Schwegler9 March 1987 (aged 23)3Eintracht Frankfurt21GoalkeeperJohnny Leoni30 June 1984 (aged 25)0Zürich22DefenderMario Eggimann24 January 1981 (aged 29)8Hannover 9623MidfielderXherdan Shaqiri10 October 1991 (aged 18)1Basel HONDURAS Coach: Reinaldo Rueda # Position Player Date of Birth Caps Club 1GoalkeeperNoel Valladares3 May 1977 (aged 33)71Olimpia2GoalkeeperDonis Escober3 February 1980 (aged 30)11Olimpia3GoalkeeperRicardo Canales30 May 1982 (aged 28)2Motagua4DefenderMaynor Figueroa2 May 1983 (aged 27)66Wigan Athletic5DefenderSergio Mendoza23 May 1981 (aged 29)46Motagua6DefenderOscar García4 September 1984 (aged 25)42Olimpia7DefenderVíctor Bernárdez24 May 1982 (aged 28)40Anderlecht8DefenderEmilio Izaguirre10 May 1986 (aged 24)39Motagua9DefenderOsman Chávez29 July 1984 (aged 25)26Platense10DefenderMauricio Sabillón11 November 1978 (aged 31)25Hangzhou Greentown11DefenderJohnny Palacios20 December 1986 (aged 23)4Olimpia12MidfielderAmado Guevara (captain)2 May 1976 (aged 34)133Motagua13MidfielderDanilo Turcios8 May 1978 (aged 32)82Olimpia14MidfielderJulio César de León13 September 1979 (aged 30)74Torino15MidfielderWilson Palacios29 July 1984 (aged 25)69Tottenham Hotspur16MidfielderEdgar Álvarez9 January 1980 (aged 30)46Bari17MidfielderHendry Thomas23 February 1985 (aged 25)39Wigan Athletic18MidfielderRamón Núñez14 November 1984 (aged 25)16Olimpia19ForwardCarlos Pavón19 October 1973 (aged 36)98Real España20ForwardDavid Suazo5 November 1979 (aged 30)50Genoa21ForwardWalter Martínez29 March 1982 (aged 28)34Marathón22ForwardGeorgie Welcome9 March 1985 (aged 25)11Motagua23ForwardRoger Espinoza25 October 1986 (aged 23)10Kansas City Wizards CHILE Coach: Marcelo Bielsa # Position Player Date of Birth Caps Club 1GoalkeeperClaudio Bravo (captain)13 April 1983 (aged 27)41Real Sociedad2GoalkeeperMiguel Pinto4 July 1983 (aged 26)13Universidad de Chile3GoalkeeperLuis Marín18 May 1983 (aged 27)2Unión Española4DefenderPablo Contreras11 September 1978 (aged 31)49PAOK5DefenderGonzalo Jara29 August 1985 (aged 24)31West Bromwich Albion6DefenderIsmael Fuentes4 August 1981 (aged 28)25Universidad Católica7DefenderGary Medel3 August 1987 (aged 22)23Boca Juniors8DefenderWaldo Ponce4 December 1982 (aged 27)23Universidad Católica9DefenderArturo Vidal22 May 1987 (aged 23)21Bayer Leverkusen10DefenderMauricio Isla12 June 1988 (aged 21)10Udinese11MidfielderJorge Valdivia19 October 1983 (aged 26)36Al-Ain12MidfielderMatías Fernández15 May 1986 (aged 24)35Sporting CP13MidfielderRodrigo Tello14 October 1979 (aged 30)32Beşiktaş14MidfielderMarco EstradaMay 28, 1983 (aged 27)20Universidad de Chile15MidfielderRodrigo Millar3 November 1981 (aged 28)19Colo-Colo16MidfielderCarlos Carmona21 February 1987 (aged 23)18Reggina17MidfielderGonzalo Fierro21 March 1983 (aged 27)16Flamengo18ForwardHumberto Suazo10 May 1981 (aged 29)41Real Zaragoza19ForwardMark González10 July 1984 (aged 25)38CSKA Moscow20ForwardAlexis Sánchez19 December 1988 (aged 21)26Udinese21ForwardJean Beausejour1 June 1984 (aged 26)23América22ForwardFabián Orellana27 January 1986 (aged 24)13Xerez23ForwardEsteban Paredes1 August 1980 (aged 29)12Colo-ColoPREVIOUS: GROUP G <<
Often believed by locals and passersby to be abandoned churches or lighthouses, these lofty towers built of fired bricks can be spotted in and around Kolkata.Not many are aware that these structures, rising 20 m above the ground, were built to undertake one of the greatest surveys in the 19th century — the Great Trigonometrical Survey (GTS) — aimed at measuring the entire terrain of the Indian subcontinent and the great Himalayan mountain peaks including Mount Everest.Almost 200 years after the GTS was undertaken, a group of geographers and archaeologists have surveyed 15 such towers spread around 50 km radius of Kolkata under the project, “Legacies of the GTS in West Bengal.”Keith Lilley, professor of historical geography at Queen’s University Belfast and the principal investigator of the project, said that some towers have survived while some others are soon to be lost forever.“Restoration of these towers is possible and is also important. What is required is an assessment and consolidation of these structures. These structures have been built on firm ground and have survived almost 200 years,” Prof. Lilley told The Hindu.Referring to one such tower located in the southern fringes of Kolkata — the Samalia GTS — he said the tower has nearly collapsed. Half of the tower, run over by vegetation, fell in 2011. Researchers who carried out the fieldwork said the locals believe that the tower was a batighar or lighthouse, erected during the colonial period to keep an eye on the countryside.The Bhola GTS tower near Singur in Hooghly district is thought of as a church by locals. Some locals, however, believe that Nawab Siraj-ud-Daulah built the structure to look out for the Marathas, who plundered parts of Bengal in the 18th century.M. Satish Kumar, another professor from the Queens University, said multiple narratives centring around these towers were an equally important part of culture as the towers.“In the earlier times these structures were seen as an imposition of the British Empire on the landscape and were even opposed,” he said, referring to the towers located around Kolkata.Prof. Satish Kumar, however, added that there was not much opposition for such structures in the Madras Presidency where the population “had better understanding about science” and knew what these structures aimed at.Bishnupriya Basak , assistant professor in the Department of Archaeology of Calcutta University, who has also been associated with the project, said that mapping was an essential part of colonial rule but it was through this project that the culture of surveying has been documented in such detail. “It is like surveying the surveyors,” she remarked.There are other fascinating stories about the GTS towers.Mount Everest, the highest peak in the world, was named George Everest, the first Surveyor General of India who had described the GTS as “perhaps of itself the most herculean undertaking on which any Government ever embarked.”“George Everest was particularly pleased with the towers erected in the north of the city, now on the Barrackpore Trunk Road, which was referred as Calcutta Baseline for the survey. Interestingly, these towers were built under the guidance of Radhanath Sikdar, a city-based mathematician who played an important role in the survey,” said Rajat Sanyal, also an assistant professor in the Department of Archaeology.In an attempt to highlight the cultural significance of the heritage, an exhibition titled “Legacies of the GTS in West Bengal” will be organised by the National Library, Kolkata, later this month.“There are hundreds of thousands of such towers and trigonometrical stations across the sub-continent and a detailed study can bring more awareness about the collective value of these towers and the significance which GTS has not only for India but for the world,” Prof. Lilley said.