The ongoing expansion of agricultural lands into wild areas, coupled with a worldwide boom in livestock production, means that “livestock and wildlife are more in contact with each other, and we ourselves are more in contact with animals than ever before,” said Ren Wang, UN Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) Assistant Director-General for Agriculture and Consumer Protection. “What this means is that we cannot deal with human health, animal health, and ecosystem health in isolation from each other – we have to look at them together, and address the drivers of disease emergence, persistence and spread, rather than simply fighting back against diseases after they emerge,” he added.According to the report, ‘World Livestock 2013: Changing Disease Landscapes,’ a new, more holistic approach to managing disease threats is needed. Since the 1940’s, a majority of the infectious diseases that have emerged in humans since the 1940s can be traced back to wildlife.For instance, it is likely that the SARS virus emerging in humans was first transmitted by bats to masked palm civets and eventually spilled over to humans via animal markets. In other cases, the opposite occurs – livestock introduce pathogens into natural areas, affecting wildlife health.The report focuses on how changes in the way humans raise and trade animals have affected how diseases emerge and spread. Globalization and climate change are redistributing pathogens, vectors, and hosts, and pandemic risks to humans caused by pathogens of animal origin present a major concern. Meanwhile, food safety hazards and antibiotic resistance are on the increase worldwide.
Duke (7-5, Atlantic Coast Conference) vs. Temple (8-4, American Athletic Conference), Dec. 27, 1:30 p.m. EST (ESPN).LOCATION: Shreveport, Louisiana.TOP PLAYERSDuke: QB Daniel Jones has thrown for 2,251 yards and 17 TDs with seven interceptions and has rushed for 325 TDs and two more scores.Temple: QB Anthony Russo led the team to a 7-2 record after taking over as the starter as the Owls averaged 36 points and 435.7 yards per game with him under centre.NOTABLEDuke: The Blue Devils finished a dismal sixth behind ACC Coastal Division champion Pittsburgh but posted seven wins against teams that are playing in the post-season.Temple: This is the fourth straight season the Owls have qualified for a bowl game, but they’ve never won two straight in the post-season. Temple beat Florida International in the Gasparilla Bowl last year, so the chance for a breakthrough is there.LAST TIMEIt will be the first meeting between the teams.BOWL HISTORYDuke: Blue Devils are 5-8 in bowl games. This is their sixth post-season appearance in seven years and first in the Independence Bowl.Temple: The Owls are just 3-4 in bowl games and have never played in the Independence Bowl.___More AP college football: https://apnews.com/Collegefootball and https://twitter.com/AP_Top25The Associated Press